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The Four Key Ingredients for Exceptional PhD Thesis Writing

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Writing is an essential skill for every PhD student, but as we all know, it can also be a significant source of stress. One of the main reasons for this stress is that very few people are actually taught how to write effectively. When I was a PhD student, it was just assumed that you should be able to write well. Although I had a fantastic supervisor who was very supportive and provided valuable feedback, there was really nothing in the way of formal training. A lot of the guidance available tends to treat writing as a mysterious process where you have to turn off your thinking brain, get words down on the page, and hope that you can somehow turn it into a coherent text.

For many, the act of writing is shrouded in mystery and anxiety. The lack of structured teaching on how to write effectively exacerbates this issue. The common advice often focuses on getting words down without much thought, which can be daunting.

Many believe that writing involves a mystical process where words magically transform into meaningful content. This perspective can be incredibly frustrating and unhelpful for students who are already under pressure.

Contrary to popular belief, writing is a learnable skill. It is entirely possible to construct a narrative carefully and deliberately without the need for abstract thinking processes. Here are some key steps to make writing a more structured and less stressful task:

  • Practice Regularly: Just like any other skill, writing improves with regular practice.
  • Seek Feedback: Utilize the support of supervisors and peers to refine your writing.
  • Embrace Formal Training: Look for workshops or courses that focus on academic writing skills.
  • Break Down the Process: Divide your writing tasks into manageable chunks to avoid feeling overwhelmed.

Writing doesn’t have to be a source of stress. By understanding that it is a skill that can be honed through practice, feedback, and formal training, PhD students can approach their writing tasks with greater confidence and clarity.

Many students find themselves trapped in an endless cycle of drafts when working on their theses. To help break this cycle, I’m going to discuss four key aspects of good thesis writing. If you follow these guidelines, you’ll be well on your way to crafting a strong thesis. Let’s dive in!

1. Prioritize Your Research

The foundation of a good thesis is solid research. If your research is robust, your primary task is to communicate it clearly. Your writing doesn’t need to be a Pulitzer Prize-winning masterpiece; it just needs to convey your findings effectively. On the other hand, if your research is poorly designed or executed, no amount of excellent writing will save it from scrutiny. Therefore, always prioritize your research as it forms the bedrock of your entire thesis.

2. Clear Communication

Once your research is in place, the next step is to focus on clear communication. Your goal should be to present your findings in a way that is easy to understand. Use straightforward language, avoid jargon, and ensure that your arguments are logically structured. This will help your readers, including examiners, grasp the significance of your work without any confusion.

3. Structured Writing

Organizing your thesis in a coherent structure is crucial. A well-structured thesis typically includes:

  • Introduction: Set the stage for your research question and objectives.
  • Literature Review: Provide context and background for your study.
  • Methodology: Explain the methods you used to conduct your research.
  • Results: Present your findings clearly and concisely.
  • Discussion: Interpret your results and discuss their implications.
  • Conclusion: Summarize your research and suggest future directions.

4. Revision and Feedback

Even the best writers need to revise their work. After completing a draft, take the time to review and refine it. Seek feedback from peers, mentors, or advisors. They can offer valuable insights and identify areas that may need improvement. Remember, revision is an essential part of the writing process.

Final Thoughts

Remember, the key to a successful thesis lies in strong research, clear communication, structured writing, and thorough revision. By focusing on these four aspects, you’ll be able to create a compelling and well-crafted thesis that effectively communicates your findings.

Many people start writing chapters before completing their research, thinking it will save time by allowing them to slot the results in later. However, writing with the assumption that you already know what the results will be is never a good idea. Instead, it is crucial to prioritize the research, get the results, and gather the necessary content first. Only then can you effectively focus on communicating that research through writing.

Three Pillars of Good Thesis Writing

Once you have a solid foundation of research, there are three essential elements, or “pillars,” of good thesis writing that I’d like to discuss.

1. Confidence

The first pillar is confidence. Specifically, this refers to the confidence to make decisions in your writing about what you actually want to present. One reason why writing can be so difficult is that there are infinite ways to put words on the page. Every word, every sentence, every paragraph, and every reference is a choice that you must make.

  • Be decisive about the content you include.
  • Trust your research and let it guide your writing.
  • Understand that clarity comes from being confident in your choices.

By focusing on these aspects, you will create a more coherent and compelling thesis that effectively communicates your findings.

As a writer, one of the most crucial aspects of your craft is making clear decisions about what you want to include and what you need to leave out. The vast array of possibilities can be overwhelming, but you can’t cover everything. Therefore, it’s essential to make deliberate choices about your content.

Understanding the Importance of Decision-Making in Writing

If you avoid making these fundamental decisions, writing with confidence becomes impossible. Without a clear vision of what you want to present:

  • You can’t select your sources effectively.
  • You can’t finish sections of your work.
  • You can’t build an effective argument.

Ultimately, you’ll be overwhelmed by the limitless possibilities because you have no constraints, a situation often mistaken for perfectionism but which is really just indecision.

Building Confidence Through Practice

It takes a certain level of confidence to make these kinds of choices, but the good news is that confidence is something you can practice. Start by making even just one decision, and you’ll find that it becomes easier to make more.

Remember, every choice you make is a step towards creating a focused, compelling piece of writing. Embrace the process, practice making decisions, and watch your writing flourish.

Making decisions in your PhD thesis becomes much easier when you are clear about your goals. This clarity helps you narrow down the possibilities, leading to a more focused and cohesive argument.

The Importance of Focus in Your Thesis

Many people worry about excluding certain elements, fearing that covering less might weaken their thesis. However, the opposite is true. Adding more content just for the sake of it can lead to a confusing mess, diluting your main message. Instead, when you are clear about what you want to convey, you can make a strong, focused case by sticking to the point and including only the most relevant material.

Confidence in Your Argument

If you have confidence in your argument, the examiner is much more likely to have confidence in you. This clarity and focus are key to a compelling thesis.

Understanding Structure: The Second Key Pillar

The second key pillar of good PhD thesis writing is understanding the importance of structure. A well-structured thesis helps convey your ideas clearly and effectively, ensuring that your main points stand out.

  • Clear Goals: Know what you are trying to achieve.
  • Focused Content: Include only the best and most relevant material.
  • Strong Argument: Make a strong, focused case by sticking to the point.
  • Confidence: Believe in your argument to enhance the examiner’s confidence in you.

By understanding and applying these principles, you can create a thesis that is both compelling and effective.

One common challenge in writing is transforming the tangled mess of ideas and knowledge in your head into a coherent structure that others can easily follow. Fortunately, there are guiding principles you can learn to help you create a clear and organized structure. These principles are universal and can be applied to any research project across various academic fields. They are actually quite simple to understand, though they do require some time and practice to master. Once you get the hang of it, these principles can significantly enhance the quality of your writing.

The Basic Idea of Structure

The fundamental concept of structure is to consider the relationships between ideas in terms of causes and effects, or needs and problems and the responses to those needs and problems. This approach can help you organize your thoughts in a logical and meaningful way.

Applying Structure to Your Writing

For instance, when writing about your research methods, rather than simply listing everything you’ve done, you should focus on explaining the reasons behind your actions. This makes your writing more engaging and easier to follow.

  • Identify the problem or need that your research addresses.
  • Explain the methods you used to respond to this problem or need.
  • Discuss the effects or outcomes of your methods.

By following these steps, you can ensure that your writing is not only structured but also compelling and informative. Mastering these principles might take some time and practice, but once you do, the improvement in your writing will be remarkable.

You can think of research methods as responses to the problems you need to solve to conduct your research effectively. Sometimes, this might be quite simple. For example, you might say, “In order to understand A, we need a way of measuring B. This can be done using technique C,” which might be a standard technique. In this case, technique C is your straightforward response to that need.

Adapting Methods to Specific Needs and Constraints

However, in many research projects, you must adapt your methods not only to the specific needs of your project but also to specific constraints. In other words, your methods are a response to both those needs and those constraints.

Example Scenario

For instance, to understand A, you need a way of measuring B. Typically, this would be done using technique C. However, this method is usually applied under a particular set of conditions. But what if your research will take place under different conditions?

Adapting Techniques

In such cases, you might need to:

  • Modify technique C to suit the new conditions.
  • Develop a new technique that meets both the needs of measuring B and the constraints of your research environment.
  • Combine multiple techniques to achieve the desired measurement.

Ultimately, the goal is to ensure that your methods are appropriately tailored to yield accurate and relevant results for your specific research context.

Crafting a compelling thesis requires more than just presenting data; it involves engaging your reader through strategic writing techniques. Think of it like guiding someone through a journey where they don’t just see the destination, but also appreciate the path that leads them there. In this article, we will delve into how to make your thesis writing more engaging and effective by focusing on setting up expectations and solving problems.

Setting Up Expectations

One of the key elements of good writing is its ability to set up an expectation in the reader. When done correctly, this happens almost subconsciously. Your reader will start to anticipate what comes next, making the reading experience smoother and more enjoyable. This is particularly important in academic writing, where the material can often be dense and technical.

Techniques for Setting Up Expectations

To create this sense of anticipation, consider the following techniques:

  • Introduce the problem early on.
  • Provide a hint of the solution without giving everything away.
  • Use transitional phrases that guide the reader through your argument.

By setting up these expectations, your conclusion will feel more natural and satisfying to the reader, even if it includes a lot of technical details.

Applying Cause and Effect

The concept of setting up causes and effects, or problems and responses, is not just limited to your main argument. It can be applied to any section of your thesis, including introductions, literature reviews, and more.

Sections to Focus On

  • Introductions: Set the stage for your research and outline the key questions you will address.
  • Literature Reviews: Show the gap in existing research and how your work will fill it.
  • Methodology: Explain why you chose specific techniques over others.

Understanding how to effectively set up these elements will help you create a strong first draft, which is much easier to edit and refine.

Problem Solving

Another crucial aspect of compelling thesis writing is problem solving. Even when you have a well-structured argument, you need to address potential issues or questions that may arise.

By anticipating and solving these problems within your writing, you make your thesis more robust and convincing. This approach not only strengthens your argument but also demonstrates your critical thinking skills.

Remember, a well-written thesis is not just about presenting information; it’s about guiding your reader through a logical and engaging narrative. Master these techniques, and you’ll find that writing your thesis becomes a much more manageable and rewarding task.

Writing can be a challenging endeavor, and even with a strong understanding of structure and the ability to make confident decisions, you will inevitably face problems. Many pieces of writing advice suggest that you should just keep writing whenever you encounter an issue. However, this approach often only postpones the problem and fosters a habit of avoiding difficulties.

Learning to Cope with Writing Challenges

Instead of avoiding difficulties, it’s far more beneficial to learn how to cope with and solve the various problems that arise during the writing process. While understanding structure and making confident decisions are essential, there are also specific tactics and techniques that you can employ depending on the situation.

Effective Techniques for Overcoming Writing Issues

Although there are numerous strategies to address writing problems, one of the simplest and most effective methods is to simply slow down and give yourself time to think. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Calmly consider your options.
  • Take a step back to gain perspective.
  • Allow yourself the space to find creative solutions.

By slowing down and allowing yourself time to think, you can approach your writing challenges with a clear and focused mind, leading to more effective solutions and a more enjoyable writing experience.

Making decisions while writing can be challenging, but it doesn’t have to be stressful. Contrary to the common advice that suggests writing under pressure, it’s important to remember that every writing problem is solvable if you give yourself the chance. The more you practice this, the better you’ll become, and ultimately, this is where the true satisfaction of writing lies.

The Joy of Solving Writing Problems

If you’ve ever engaged in puzzles like Wordle or Sudoku, you know the rewarding feeling of struggling a bit and then finding a solution. Writing can offer the same joy. Taking the time to solve writing problems is key to enjoying the process.

The Three Pillars of Effective Writing

There are three pillars that can make your writing journey smoother: confidence, structure, and problem-solving. Each of these pillars supports the others, creating a strong foundation for your writing.

  • Confidence: When you have a confident mindset and know what you want to communicate, structuring your content and solving problems becomes much easier.
  • Structure: Understanding how to structure your writing not only boosts your confidence but also aids in problem-solving.
  • Problem-Solving: Knowing how to tackle writing challenges can enhance both your confidence and your ability to structure your work effectively.

In essence, these three pillars are interconnected. Improving one aspect will inevitably strengthen the others, making you a more effective and satisfied writer.

Are you struggling with your academic writing? Improving your writing skills can boost your confidence and help reinforce the structure of your text. Over the coming months, I will shift my focus almost exclusively to academic writing, providing valuable insights and guidance.

Refocusing on Academic Writing

Instead of discussing PhDs in general, my content will cater specifically to academic writing. This change aims to provide more targeted support and resources to help you enhance your writing skills.

What to Expect

I will be publishing a wealth of free content geared towards academic writing. Additionally, I am excited to announce the launch of a PhD Thesis Writing Masterclass. This masterclass is designed for those who have already laid the groundwork with their research and are now looking to craft a thesis they can be proud of.

  • Personalized guidance
  • Detailed feedback
  • Structured approach to writing

Who Should Join?

This masterclass is perfect for those who not only want to complete their thesis but also want to enjoy the process. If you aim to submit a thesis that stands out, this course is for you.

Stay tuned for more details, and be sure to keep up with the latest content on academic writing. Your support helps me grow this platform and reach others who need this guidance.


Improving your academic writing is a journey, and I am here to help you every step of the way. Whether you’re looking for free resources or personalized support, there’s something here for everyone aiming to excel in their academic writing.

About the author:

Picture of Dr. Friederike Jurth
Dr. Friederike Jurth

Possibly you already heard of me through different media channels. My name is Dr. Friederike Jurth, and I hold a certificate from Harvard in Higher Education Teaching. Since 2010, I have given lectures on Methodology, Empirical Research, Anthropology, and Transcultural (Music) Studies in collaboration with universities in the United States, Germany, Spain, and Brazil. In 2010, I began a 7-year-long fieldwork project in Rio de Janeiro and have since presented my research at conferences worldwide, including in Japan, the United States, Australia, Brazil, Thailand, Switzerland, and many other countries. Additionally, I have worked as a lecturer and researcher with Germany’s renowned UNESCO Chair.

After completing my doctoral dissertation with summa cum laude, I aimed to unite, condense, and share the steps, ways, and details of my unique methodological and structural approach that I developed during my Ph.D. and that ultimately helped me achieve this result. By concentrating and putting them together into an elaborate academic conception, MyThesis Academy was born. Motivated by the sole aim and objective to help my students through all steps and stages of their thesis journey, MyThesis Academy enables them to achieve their best possible results in the shortest time, independent of their specific area of research.

In addition to my extensive teaching and research experience, I am part of the authors of the Cambridge Companion to Music in Brazil 2024, published by Cambridge University Press & Assessment, where I contribute as a Cambridge Author. This work is a co-operative project conducted remotely from Cambridge, England, United Kingdom.

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